Cookies are small text files that sites visited by users send to their terminals, where they are stored and then transmitted to the same sites on the next visit. The cookies of the so-called "third parties" are, instead, set by a website different from the one the user is visiting. This is because on each site there may be elements (images, maps, sounds, specific links to web pages of other domains, etc..) residing on servers other than that of the site visited.
Types of cookies
- Technical cookies. Technical cookies are those used for the sole purpose of "carrying out the transmission of a communication on an electronic communication network, or to the extent strictly necessary for the provider of an information society service explicitly requested by the subscriber or user to provide such service" (see art. 122, paragraph 1, of the Code). They are not used for any other purpose and are normally installed directly by the owner or website manager. They can be divided into navigation or session cookies, which ensure normal navigation and use of the website; analytics cookies, assimilated to technical cookies, where used directly by the operator of the site to collect information, in aggregate form, on the number of users and how they visit the site; functionality cookies, which allow the user to navigate according to a set of criteria selected in order to improve the service provided to the same. The installation of such cookies does not require prior consent of users, while the obligation to provide information pursuant to art. 13 of the Code remains in place, which the site manager, if using only such devices, may provide in the manner deemed most appropriate.
- Profiling cookies. Profiling cookies are designed to create profiles of the user and are used to send advertising messages in line with the preferences expressed by the same as part of web browsing. Due to the particular invasiveness that these devices can have in the private sphere of the users, the European and Italian regulations have set forth that the user must be adequately informed about the use of the same and express his valid consent. Art. 122 of the Code refers to them when it provides that "the storage of information in the terminal equipment of a contracting party or user or the access to information already stored are allowed only on condition that the contracting party or user has expressed his or her consent after having been informed in the simplified manner referred to in article 13, paragraph 3" (art. 122, paragraph 1, of the Code). This site does not use profiling cookies.